In our previous blog post, we had discussed the basics of how parents are able to utilize their budgets to the fullest to provide their children aged between 2 to 6 years with special education needs with therapies and intervention plans that are suitable for their developmental milestones. We have also discussed why we at GrowIn Sprouts is the preferable choice for parents to get all the therapies they need alongside our Early Intervention Program (EIP). In today’s chapter we are going to focus on children between the ages of 4 to 6 years. This group of children are particularly more well developed compared to their early ages and are equipped with new skills as they are preparing to enter primary school. They are more familiar with basic knowledge like the alphabets, numbers and basic motor skills.
At this very point of time, parents have to realize that the financial necessities for their special needs children changes as their children grows. The initial investment for therapies and programs for their children has changed from learning the necessary basics such as alphabets and numbers to a more complex learning diversity. Thus, the cost of therapies changes with their development as it needs to reflect on how the children must learn to cope with the more advanced primary school environment and curriculums. This stage, the physical, mental and cognitive development for their children is at their utmost importance as parents need their children to understand the developmental milestone that are targeted during this age group.
The developmental milestones for the children aged between 4 to 6 has also changed comparatively then the previous age group of 2 to 3 as they have improved capabilities on their cognitive and motor skills. The developmental milestones of this stage are comprised of four categories which are physical (fine motor and gross motor), cognitive, language and social emotional. So now let’s go through each category starting off with the physical milestones.
Physical milestone deals with physical changes such as the human body’s growth in building bones and muscles which have started to develop much faster at this stage. Thus, their motor skills are vastly improved in terms of maneuverability and flexibility. For physical milestones, there are two subcategories namely gross motor and fine motor skills respectively.
Gross Motor Skills
Gross motor skills involve the usage of the large muscles such as the torso, arms and legs in maneuvering the child’s body movements. Gross motor also encompasses body coordination, the ability to stay in balance regardless of the action such as running or standing. Some examples to accomplish in gross motor are:
alternating feet to climb the stairs,
using door handles,
pedaling and steering a bicycle,
throwing a ball
simple physical activities such as jumping and star jumps.
Fine Motor Skills
Fine motor skills involve the coordination of the small muscles used for movement such as the fingers and toes. This skill encompasses on the child’s ability to grasp and hold objects including refining in holding objects. Some examples of activities to help refine a child’s fine motor skills are:
drawing basic shapes,
solving simple puzzles,
stacking blocks to form a tower and
Cognitive milestones for this age groups revolves on thinking outside the box and problem solving. In this stage, they are able to think or imagine things they cannot see or feel and come out with creative ideas bursting with their wild imaginations. The goal for this developmental milestone is:
To sort objects by attributes such as size, shape and color
Comparing and contrasting items by aspects such as height or size
Recognizing shapes in real world
Thinking on logical steps on the “how-to” to achieve their goal
Special education needs children during this stage may be familiar with a plethora of words during this period. They should be able to use complicated sentences that combines more than one words. Some of them should also be able to ask who, what, why, when, where and how questions and answer them. Children of these age group should be able to:
Follow simple, unrelated directions such as picking up the toys
Change their speech patterns based on the entities involved in the conversation
Pronounce words more fluently but struggle with some
Ask about the meaning of new and unknown words
Make up stories and arguments
Social Emotional Milestones
Social emotional milestone of this age covers the aspects in which a child builds their unique and recognizable personalities. They should be able to get along with their peers, including their friends and family and sorting social issues they face through play. Some of the social emotional milestones that can be observed are:
Show and express more range of emotions
Share, cooperate, be helpful and taking turns when facing an issue
Doing or saying something they shouldn’t do to observe the consequences of their actions.
Imagining and creating imaginary friends and playing with them
Playing and mingling with other children when they are separated from their caregivers or parents
Throwing tantrums when they couldn’t get what they want
What we can offer?
We at GrowIn Sprouts got your back for these age group as well as we have a special early intervention program catered for these group of children aged between 4 to 6. During this developmental stage, it is necessary to monitor children’s cognitive milestones in order to find what is wrong with them and how it affects their physical, behavioral and social emotional development. In fact, for this age group, we are committed to help them to prepare for school and assisting them in their cognitive development and for these group of children most of them will be joining the afternoon sessions.
The afternoon groups of children have mostly accomplished the basic skills required to progress such as toilet training and now they should be more independent and prepared for a new school environment. Our early intervention program is inclusive of speech therapy, occupational therapy, parental counseling and parental training. The pricing of our EIP program ranges between the low and middle group which is affordable for many parents and it’s a very competitive price. This is because we want to provide the best intervention possible for special education needs children to prepare for them for school with the therapies and counselling for parents with our experienced therapists and teacher to help both parent and child.
As a parent, preparing a child for school is not only a joyous moment but it is also critical to ensure a better development of the child regardless of their physical and mental conditions. Special needs education children will face more hurdles in order to be prepared for the new school environment in order to teach them to be independent, socialize, gain new knowledge and skills. Therefore, to ensure that they are fully prepared, the investment for their therapies should reflect the growth of their special education needs children without a doubt. If your child with special education needs to be fully prepared, why not visit us at GrowIn Sprouts as the therapy center for your child as we will guarantee to guide your special needs children to the next level of developmental growth effectively.